Ra was the ancient Egyptian deity of the midday sun, peaking in popularity around 2,400 BC. Around 1,340 BC, King Akhenaten introduced a more monotheistic worship of the sun-god Aten.
In South and Central America, the sun may have been depicted as concentric circles. This symbol is found among the red-pigment drawings within the eleven caves in the region of Burgos, Mexico and appears in orange-pigment drawings in the caves of Patagonia, Argentina, the later thought to have been created between 13,000 and 9,500 years ago.
Shamash was the sun-god found in the art of Akkadian, Assyrian, and Babylonian pantheons, echoing representations of the earlier Sumerian sun-god, Utu, made famous by the legend of Gilgamesh.
Our atmosphere filters out the most harmful components of the nuclear radiation. Some ultraviolet radiation passes through, which is why we apply sunscreen for longer exposures to direct sunlight. Yet the world's energy demands for food, transportation, heating, refrigeration, pumping water, and industry are all either directly or indirectly fueled by the sun.
Watching a sunrise or sunset is something often invokes a sense of peace. It is the most reliable recurrence in our biosphere, and we count on it. The colors are a nice aesthetic addition, but that is not the central message of the sun's rising and setting.
Even fossil fuel would not exists had it not been for the solar energy of ancient times. The sun fed plants, which were later fossilized into petroleum and other terrestrial energy resources.
A generally accepted deduction about the age of the sun is that of D. B. Guenther of Yale University. He stated that the age of the sun has been deduced to be 4,490,000,000 years old, plus or minus 40,000,000 years, as determined by the ages of the oldest known meteorites in our solar system and other scientific liklihoods.
- Guenther, D.B., 1989-04-01, OSTI ID 5841874, Astrophysics J. (United States)l Volume 339, Yale Univ., New Haven, CT (USA)
The earth is 149,597,870 kilometers (92,955,800 miles) from the sun. That, combined with the reflective and absorptive properties of the various atmospheric gases and particles, protects us and other organizims from fatal radiation.